Standards

Standards

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Term2.png STANDARDS
Detailed, exact statement of the functional requirements and particulars for something. Standards are related to guidelines, recommendations for the learning technology. They provide specification that address good practices. For a specification to reach the status of an accredited standard, it must receive an approval from an accrediting agency. [1]


Standards are the levels of performance typically expressed as a rating or grade on a given criterion (e.g. a "B" grade may be the standard for admission to a graduate programme). Standards are expressed in a cut score but can also be non-quantitative e.g. by providing an exemplar of acceptable performance. Standards can be absolute or relative and can be used in either criterion referenced or norm referenced contexts( Mathison:2005). A standard need not be a single level of performance but may involve multiple levels of performance such as excellent, acceptable, unacceptable.[2]



References

  1. www.learningcircuits.org (18 March 2008)
  2. Mathison, Sandra. Encyclopaedia of Evaluation, pp 399, Ed. University of British Columbia. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2005.