Behaviorism

Behaviorism

From Click4it

Share/Save/Bookmark
Jump to: navigation, search
Term2.png BEHAVIORISM
Theory of learning based on the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning and that all the things that organisms do, including acting, thinking and feeling can and should be regarded as behaviors that can be studied in a systematic and observable manner with no consideration of internal mental state. Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment. There are two major types of conditioning:
  1. Classical conditioning is a technique used in behavioral training in which a stimulus is paired with a response.
  2. Operant conditioning is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence.
According to the notions of operant conditioning an effective way of teaching would be to make the learners practice and to give them a reward for the correct responses. This reward could be represented by the knowledge of results. Whether the learners understand why the answer is correct or not is not considered to be a relevant aspect of learning. [1] See also: Behavior Modification



References

  1. www.learningcircuits.org (7 March 2008),Wikipedia (27 June 2008), The operational analysis of psychological terms. Skinner B.F., 1984, Beyond E-Learning; Approaches and Technologies to Enhance Organizational Knowledge, Learning, and Performance, Marc J.R., John L., David H., 2005